• AOF le 03/02/2011 à 15:07

PRE-OUVERTURE A WALL STREET - Léger recul attendu :


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(AOF) - Les futures sur indices prédisent une ouverture en modeste recul des marchés actions américains. Les investisseurs privilégient la prudence avant la publication de deux indicateurs économiques importants, parmi lesquels l'indice des directeurs d'achats dans le secteur des services et les commandes à l'industrie pour le mois de décembre aux Etats-Unis. Une demi-heure avant l'ouverture, les futures sur indices Nasdaq 100 et S&P 500 se replient respectivement de 0,34% à 2 311,75 points et de 0,25% à 1 296,80 points.

Hier à Wall Street
Les marchés actions américains ont terminé en ordre dispersé, quoique très proches de l'équilibre. Les investisseurs sont restés prudents au lendemain des plus hauts de deux ans et demi atteints par le Dow Jones et le S&P500. Cette prudente a été confortée par le climat de crainte lié aux troubles politiques en Egypte et à ses conséquences dans le reste du Moyen-Orient. L'enquête ADP a montré une amélioration du marché de l'emploi en janvier. Les chiffres officiels seront publiés vendredi. Au final, le Dow Jones a gagné 0,05% à 12 041,97 pts. Le Nasdaq Composite a cédé 0,04% à 2750,16 points.

Les chiffres macroéconomiques
La productivité a progressé de 2,6% au quatrième trimestre aux Etats-Unis, contre une hausse de 2% attendue par les analystes. Au troisième trimestre, la productivité avait progressé de 2,4% (chiffre révisé de + 2,3%).

Les coûts unitaires du travail ont reculé de 0,6% au quatrième trimestre aux Etats-Unis, là où les analystes attendaient une hausse de 0,3%. Au troisième trimestre, ces coûts avaient reculé de 0,1%.

415 000 inscriptions au chômage ont été enregistrées la semaine dernière aux Etats-Unis, ce qui est légèrement inférieur au consensus Reuters de 420 000. Le chiffre de la semaine précédente a été rehaussé de 454 000 à 457 000.

L'indice des directeurs d'achat dans le secteur des services pour janvier et les commandes à l'industrie pour décembre sont publiés à 16h.

DJ BEFORE THE BELL: US Stock Futures Edge Lower Ahead Of Economic Data

U.S. stock futures turned slightly lower as investors awaited jobless-claims data and earnings reports from corporate giants Merck & Co. and Dow Chemical Co.

Futures on the Dow Jones Industrial Average fell 11 points to 11974 and S&P 500 futures were down 1.90 point to 1298.10. Nasdaq 100 futures fell 1.75 to 2318.

The blue-chip Dow index closed nearly unchanged Wednesday, holding just above the psychologically key 12000 level.

"There is one important thing to establish. The Egyptian tensions do not seem to have that much of an effect on the [equity] markets," said Christian Tegllund Blaabjerg, chief equity strategist at Saxo Bank.

The situation in Egypt deteriorated further Thursday, with violence escalating on the streets of Cairo between supporters and opponents of President Hosni Mubarak.

"Violence has increased significantly over the last few days and markets haven't dropped," Blaabjerg said. "It's all about earnings really more than anything else."

The economic and corporate calendar is very busy Thursday.

Data on weekly jobless claims and fourth-quarter productivity are due at 8:30 a.m., EST. After the market opens, at 10 a.m., EST, the ISM report on service sector activity in January as well as factory orders for December will be released.

On the corporate front, U.S. retailers such as Wal-Mart Stores Inc. (WMT) are due to report same-store sales for January.

Drug giant Merck (MRK) said it swung to a fourth-quarter loss from a profit in the same period a year ago, while sales rose. Shares of Merck slipped 1.7% in premarket trading.

Shares of Dow Chemical (DOW) rose nearly 4% in premarket trade after it reported a surge in quarterly profit.

Food firm Kellogg Co. (K) is also due to report earnings.

The market is "waiting for some news to pull it another leg higher," Blaabjerg said. "If these earnings come out [relatively strong] as we expect, and the initial jobless claims are marginally better, then you are going to see a big upswing in markets."

European stock markets were mostly lower following a string of earnings reports. Shares of oil giant Royal Dutch Shell PLC (RDSA, RDSA.LN, RDSB.LN, RDSB) slumped more than 3% in London trade after its adjusted fourth-quarter profit came in below market expectations.

The Stoxx Europe 600 index edged down 0.3% in intraday trading.

The European Central Bank left its benchmark interest rate unchanged. "It's unlikely that he will surprise markets in the way he did last month but he's likely to confidently keep up the anti-inflation rhetoric," Deutsche Bank said in a note.

The euro slipped 0.3% to $1.3762. The dollar index, which measures the performance of the greenback against a basket of other major currencies, gained 0.1% to 77.264.

In the commodity markets, oil futures rose 92 cents to $91.78 a barrel in electronic trading on Globex.

Gold futures were nearly flat at $1,332.an ounce.

Asian markets were mixed overnight, with Japanese stocks posting losses. Numerous markets in the region, including those in China and Hong Kong, were closed for the Lunar New Year holidays.


Among the companies whose shares are expected to actively trade in Thursday's session are Green Mountain Coffee Roasters Inc. (GMCR), Yum Brands Inc. (YUM) and Visa Inc. (V).

Green Mountain's fiscal first-quarter profit dropped 78% on acquisition and other charges as the specialty coffee roaster reported K-cup revenue nearly doubled. Shares surged 16.3% to $38.35 in after-hours trading as the company projected second-quarter earnings well above analysts' average estimates.

Yum Brands reported positive results closing out 2010, as fourth-quarter profit climbed 27% on year, but 2009 wasn't much of a competitor. Shares climbed 2.5% to $48.90 in after-hours trading as the results topped analysts' expectations and Chairman and Chief Executive David C. Novak said he is confident the company will "build on our track record of double-digit EPS growth" in 2011.

Visa's fiscal first-quarter profit jumped 16% from a year ago on higher revenue as consumers ratcheted up spending and the company processed more payments. Visa also reiterated its financial outlook for 2011, but uncertainty from financial regulation continues to concern investors. Shares fell 1.4% to $71.10 after-hours.

Libellé Dernier Var.
EUR/USD 1.3666 -1.00%
Euribor 1 an 1.678 0.72%
Gold Index 1334.90 -0.01%
Pétrole New York (Light Sweet Crude Oil) 91.33 0.52%

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